Explain some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment

Discarded Face Mask

IELTS Essay Topic: Environment

Explain some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment.

What can government do to address these problems? What can individual people do?


Environmental destruction is an important issue nowadays which humans contributed much to the worsening problem. Human activities increasingly affect the environment as people continuously throwing garbage everywhere. This paper will identify and examine the necessary steps to be taken by the government and its people to solve the issue of garbage pollution.

Even before the pandemic, waste management especially in low-income economies is already a huge challenge. When the coronavirus has then spread like wildfire in late 2019, masks became ubiquitous across the world. Many countries mandated their citizens to wear face masks and other personal protective equipment or PPE to protect them from the virus. As a result, discarded face masks can now be found scattered elsewhere, contributing to the existing garbage problem. One of the primary action that governments should undertake is to develop a waste disposal guidelines specifically design to the current situation. For example, government should define a strategy to ensure that discarded face masks and other used PPE are being dispose properly in designated areas or bins. Moreover, government may consider developing a melting machine to melt masks and PPE for recycling.  

On a similar note, people in parallel with the government has a huge role to play in the issue of environmental pollution that severely damage the earth. Humans inappropriate garbage disposal may result to serious consequences as plastic garbage including face masks will take hundred years to decompose.  Fortunately, individual person can do so much to reverse the negative impacts of garbage disposal problem. First, every person should minimize the use of single-use plastic products such as plastic cups, cutlery and plates. A high volume of plastics are being dumped daily in the landfills, rivers or worse into the oceans. Second, people need to avoid wearing a throw away disposable face masks and hand gloves to help reduce the potential negative impacts that these have on the environment.  

In conclusion, the government’s proper garbage disposal guidelines may help a country in achieving environmental sustainability. While humans individual response for the protection of natural resources is essential in fighting environmental threats. I hope everyone must play an active role in protecting the environment.

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  1. Environment particularly in Philippines is being damaged due to lack of self discipline and tough government rule to punish violators. Am just wondering why Filipinos can abide government rules and are becoming disciplined while they are in foreign countries whereas in their own country they could not apply, so sad😑😑

    • Thank you for your comment. Most developing countries not only Philippines are still struggling with mounting waste problem. This is mainly because of the absence of proper waste collection system in poorer countries. Same with other nationalities, we have the capability to adjust and blend to the culture of others countries.

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