Unemployment is one of the biggest problems of contemporary society

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IELTS Essay Question: Work

Unemployment is one of the biggest problems of contemporary society.

What do you think are the main causes of unemployment?

What solutions can you suggest?


Unemployed individuals are keep rising nowadays, causing many people to feel unease and discomfort. Unemployment is currently getting increasingly serious problem and becoming a major challenge for governments and citizens in so many countries. This essay will first dig deeper into the causes of unemployment at present and brought up some solutions to this pressing problem in our contemporary society.

The accelerating  infectious viral outbreak is seems to be the main causes for a massive lay-offs across almost all industries this year. The pandemic has provoked several companies to send many employees home and lost their jobs temporarily or permanently. Take tourism industry as an example, the hospitality industry has been hit hard by the pandemic severe travel restrictions that went to a massive flight suspensions and border closures. The sudden fall in tourism make airlines and accommodation facilities overstaffed due to drastic cuts to their flying schedules and low demand for room booking amid Covid-19 pandemic. Many companies that directly and indirectly deals with tourist halt or suspend employment contracts to tens of thousand workers to reduce its salary cost. In turn, many people become unemployed and lost their earnings.  

Apparently, with no end insight to this crisis, displaced workers need to look for ways on how to make money or alternative solution to earn a living to navigate through this pandemic.  One effective solution is home and internet-based jobs like online marketing and teaching English online. Some companies now are hiring remote work-from-home teaching jobs to meet high demand from students who struggled in English subject. Teaching English online is a good option for those who have an excellent English communication skills and an interest in teaching to non-English speakers. Furthermore, third-party delivery services is another possible answer to earn income during the pandemic. With the surge in deliveries, e-commerce companies like Amazon, ebay and many others need additional warehouses and delivery workers to help deal with shipping delays. 

In summary, the coronavirus pandemic wiped out millions of jobs in 2020 and reduces people’s income and purchasing power. However, people may consider alternative work arrangement or take up in-demand jobs from other booming industries, and consequently gain income for survival.


When it comes to IELTS Test, vocabulary is one of the most important skills a test-taker must have. In writing section, having a good grasp of English vocabulary will help you frame and convey your ideas in words using an effective and varied vocabulary. 

  • dig
  • pressing
  • contemporary
  • accelerating
  • infectious
  • provoke
  • outbreak
  • drastic
  • halt
  • apparent
  • surge

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