Why are young people leaving their homes from rural areas to study or work in the cities

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IELTS Essay Question:

Why are young people leaving their homes from rural areas to study or work in the cities?

Do advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?


Every year, more and more teenagers are forced to leave from sub-urban areas for work or study in cities. Net out-migration from small towns and from far-flung villages is increasing. In this case, young people’s most productive years are being spent in the cities instead of contributing in developing the countryside. The aim of this essay is to examine whether the advantages of studying or working in urban areas will far exceed the disadvantages.

To begin with, living in the city can have many positive impacts compared to rural life. The feeling of endless opportunities in urban areas push many youth to leave the rural areas. Firstly, children have much access to education because cities have multiple forms of education such as colleges and universities. Professionals have more access to an array of amazing career opportunities with competitive salaries and benefits. Secondly, convenience is another point of favor. Cities has well-structured transport network systems that connect key areas that will allow people to travel conveniently. In the city, one can get all the amenities of modern life and the standard of life is higher.

Turning to the other side of the argument, it is obvious that most city centers are overpopulated and air pollution is becoming a huge problem. The upsurge of cars in the road causes jams in major thorough fares and vehicles are emitting carbon dioxide which is not suitable to people’s health. These are some of the main disadvantages in city living. However, governments can do so much to address these issues of air pollution and traffic problems. Thus, the negative effect can not overshadow the amazing advantages such as countless options of entertainment and sophisticated facilities that make city living more comfortable.

To sump up, life in the city is generally better than in sub-urban areas because of convenience and access to education. Although many youth appreciate the sense of community that exist in villages, yet, there is the issue of scarcity and lack of opportunity in the rural areas.


When it comes to IELTS Test, vocabulary is one of the most important skills a test-taker must have. In writing section, having a good grasp of English vocabulary will help you frame and convey your ideas in words using an effective and varied vocabulary. 

  • sub-urban
  • out-migration
  • far-flung
  • countryside
  • array
  • amenity
  • congestion
  • upsurge
  • jam
  • cuisine
  • scarcity 

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3 replies »

  1. In my case with my siblings from our province of Pampanga, our parents decided to have our college in Baguio City, Philippines though in our place we have the well known 2 universities, the Holy Angel Univ. and the Angeles City University. Their reasons were for us to be dependent and to learn how to carefully manage our monthly allowance. The tuition also considered because it’s quite cheaper and the life was so simple at that time. The getups of women and men were so practical and simple.
    Now, our place was improved by too many malls, the Clark Airbase became the center of employment and well known favorite fast food almost eveywhere. I think that’s the reason why too many graduates and not came here from different provinces for employment and opportunities.

  2. This is true that being away from your parents is a step further to really develop yourself as an individual. However, university experience far from home, in my opinion, is a steep learning curve in gaining independence. If I have a choice, I’ll rather stay home because I love my place where I grew up and the time spent away from your family can’t be recovered. But moving away is inevitable.

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