In many countries today people are choosing to have fewer children.
Why is this the case?
What are the effects of this trend on society?
It is apparent nowadays that most families choose to have a small number of children compared in the past. This trend is prevalent in many countries especially in developed economies including China which currently imposed a one-child policy. In this essay, I will discuss the reason behind this swing and the outcomes in society.
After World War Two, the democratic form of government was adopted by most countries in the world, In effect, people has no restriction if how many number of children they wanted to have, as a result, the world population ballooned to unprecedented growth. Based on statistical data, families usually had more than Five members in the family. However, it was noted that worldwide life expectancy on those years are lowered compared in recent years, probably because of several factors such as health and nourishment of the child. Children on those years tend to be malnourished due to lack of food and proper sickness medication that resulted to early death.
It was observed, that families with fewer children are more beneficial not just for the family alone but also on the society as well. Taking mother for instance, when they remain at home, the mothers will be able to provide more stimulating and safer environment for children. Whereas, if mothers decide to seek for an employment, may be because they have more children to feed and they need to augment their income. She will be away for long hours and could have an impact on the quality and quantity on children interaction process that are crucial for the development of cognitive skills and language growth. As the children grow, the parents has to know the whereabouts, what they are doing and whom they are with to keep them safe and away from trouble. And these could only be possible if the mother is always at home. In essence, when the children become adults they are most likely will become a good contribution to the society because the parents raised them well.
In conclusion, many people in different countries today, considered that having a few children is more beneficial than to have a larger number of children. In addition, raising children need to be monitored and to have a proper supervision until they matured and can live independently.